Our experienced Licensed Nursing Assistants (LNA) are here to meet the needs designed specifically to you based on the care plan created by the Social Worker and Nurses. The LNA can assist with bathing, dressing, personal care, medication reminders, companionship, homemaking, and transporting for appointments/ shopping. All our LNA’s carry New Hampshire state licenses and report directly to the Licensed nurse.
What are activities of daily living (ADLs)?
(ADLs) are categorized as self-care tasks, like the kinds of motor skills that we learned in early childhood which include the following six categories:
- Bathing: consists of grooming tasks such as brushing teeth, shaving and brushing hair
- Dressing: choosing garments that are appropriate. Capable of dressing and undressing. Zippers, buttons, or other fasteners are easily managed
- Eating: feeding oneself
- Transferring: able to walk independently, or, if not ambulatory, being able to transfer oneself from wheelchair to bed and back
- Continence: able to control bowels and bladder, or can manage incontinence independently
- Toileting: capable of using the toilet
Complex skills called Instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) are needed to to live independently. Usually, these are learned during our teenage years and include:
- Telephone use: capable of dialing numbers, looking up numbers, etc.
- Medication management: taking the correct dosages of medications on time
- Preparing meals: making appropriate food choices and preparing meals safely
- Caring for the home: performing housekeeping and laundry duties or arranging for services
- Managing finances: difficulty paying bills on time, paying mortgage/rent, budgeting, etc.
- Shopping: not being able to grocery shop or shop for other necessities. Able to manage transportation of purchases from the store to their home
- Using transportation: being able to drive or use public transportation for appointments, shopping, etc.
The nurse will assess ADLs to determine the abilities of the patient and whether additional care is required. Some difficulties can occur when managing ADLs in those with dementias and early Alzheimer’s. Assessing ADLs is a helpful guide in a diagnosing and evaluating a patient, which can determine what kind of assistance an older person may need on a day-to-day basis.